Phonemic Awareness (Montessori)

by 01 Aug 2023Glossary

Phonemic Awareness (Montessori)

Phonemic Awareness is an essential part of the Montessori language curriculum, especially for children between the ages of 2 and 3 years. Before teaching children letters or reading, Montessori education focuses on enhancing phonological awareness. Phonological Awareness includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language such as words, syllables, speech sounds (phonemes), onset and rime.[1]

Phonemic Aawareness, a subset of phonological awareness, involves identifying and manipulating individual sounds in spoken words. This skill involves breaking down a word into its sounds, recognizing sound-letter patterns, blending, segmenting, and playing with sounds to make new words. Developing phonemic awareness forms the foundation for spelling and word recognition skills, including the decoding of unfamiliar printed words.[2]


Steps to Enhance Phonemic Awareness

Below are some of the steps recommended by the Montessori Method to develop phonemic awareness:

1. Provide a Literacy-Rich Home:

This involves providing a variety of books, modeling reading and writing, and engaging children in making various labels, lists, signs, notes, etc. Children should also be encouraged to articulate their words fully and use real and accurate language.[1]

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