‘Society by Cohesion’ is a term coined by Dr. Maria Montessori to describe the social dynamics that occur naturally among children, particularly as they progress through the second and third planes of development (roughly ages 6-12 and 12-18, respectively). The term refers to the strong bonds that form among children, often stronger than their ties to adults. This is a crucial part of social development, promoting cooperation, empathy, mutual respect, and shared responsibility.
In a Montessori environment, ‘Society by Cohesion’ occurs when children demonstrate a deep care for the success and well-being of their group, prioritizing it over their individual success. They become committed members of their group, and contributing to its function and stability becomes a reward in itself. This is often facilitated by collaborative activities, mixed-age groupings, and opportunities for leadership and peer mentorship.
The development of a ‘Society by Cohesion’ is seen as a major step towards social integration. It helps children to develop key skills such as teamwork, conflict resolution, empathy, and understanding of social norms.
- 1Montessori Quotes on Society by Cohesion
- 2Research and Critiques on Society by Cohesion in Montessori
- 3Comparison to Other Methods
- 4Glossary of Montessori Terms
- 5Please help to translate this page into your local language