Society by Cohesion (Montessori)

by 01 Aug 2023Glossary

Society by Cohesion (Montessori)

Society by Cohesion’ is a term coined by Dr. Maria Montessori to describe the social dynamics that occur naturally among children, particularly as they progress through the second and third planes of development (roughly ages 6-12 and 12-18, respectively). The term refers to the strong bonds that form among children, often stronger than their ties to adults. This is a crucial part of social development, promoting cooperation, empathy, mutual respect, and shared responsibility.

In a Montessori environment, ‘Society by Cohesion’ occurs when children demonstrate a deep care for the success and well-being of their group, prioritizing it over their individual success. They become committed members of their group, and contributing to its function and stability becomes a reward in itself. This is often facilitated by collaborative activities, mixed-age groupings, and opportunities for leadership and peer mentorship.

The development of a ‘Society by Cohesion’ is seen as a major step towards social integration. It helps children to develop key skills such as teamwork, conflict resolution, empathy, and understanding of social norms.


Montessori Quotes on Society by Cohesion

“The first aim of the prepared environment is, as far as it is possible, to render the growing child independent of the adult.” – Maria Montessori

“Social experience comes in the relationship of child to child, and it is the phenomenon of sympathy, in that the experience of one profits all, as if all of us could thus pool our lives for the common good.” – Maria Montessori